Contexts & Dependency Injection for Java

CDI 2.0 is in public review

Posted by Antoine Sabot-Durand on Feb 01, 2017 | Comments

CDI 2.0 is now in public review status, you can now grab the PRD of the spec ot download the Javadoc.

Major features included in CDI 2.0

This CDI 2.0 includes important changes for the platform.

A lot of other small feature will be delivered. Refer to the coming release notes to check them all.

RI is also available

We also provide a pre-release for the RI and API, thus You can start testing CDI 2.0 with Weld 3.0 CR1 that you can download here.

To develop your CDI 2.0 code just switch cdi-api in your pom.xml to this version:


We also provide a patch for WildFly 10.1.0 to help users evaluate CDI 2.0 under a Java EE application server.

To do so just download and unzip WildFly 10.1.0.Final, then download the patch (no need to unzip it), go to the <WILDFLY_HOME>/bin directory and patch the server with the following command:

./ --command="patch apply <PATH_TO_PATCH>/"

you should obtain the following result in the console:

    "outcome" : "success",
    "result" : {}

Your WildFly server is now patched to use CDI 2.0 and Weld 3.0 CR1.

Happy testing!

CDI 2.0 Beta 1 is available

Posted by Antoine Sabot-Durand on Jan 05, 2017 | Comments

After more than 2 years of work CDI 2.0 is around the corner. Its feature list is now complete and Beta for RI (Weld 3.0 Beta1) is available for download. This post lists what’s included and give you some insight on the final release and what comes next

Give it a try

First, you may want to start testing the RI and discover the new API, all the resources are listed below:

  • You can browse the spec document in html or pdf

  • If you prefer Javadoc you can read it here

  • CDI 2.0 Beta API is available on Maven Central. You can also download the jar here

  • Last but not least, the reference implementation (Weld 3.0 Beta 1) is downloadable here and can be also be used from Maven

Major features included in CDI 2.0

This CDI 2.0 includes important changes for the platform.

A lot of other small feature will be delivered. Refer to the coming release notes to check them all.

Release agenda

If everything stays on track we should send the PFD (proposed final draft) with TCK and RI to the JCP soon.

If the JCP ballot is green, CDI 2.0 final could be released before end of February.

What’s next

Our release plan for CDI 2.0 has always been to deliver it before Java EE 8 to let other spec grab our new features and make the best out of them.

We are still considering to start working on CDI 2.1 to clarify or add the few features needed for Java EE 8 and beyond.

Stay tuned.

Meet CDI at Java One 2015

Posted by Antoine Sabot-Durand on Oct 23, 2015 | Comments

During Java One 2015, a lot of CDI related talks and event will happen. find most of them in this post

In this agenda you’ll find most of CDI related talk to help you prepare your schedule

Focus on EG talks

If you want to have the best of CDI overview in Java One, don’t miss these talks:

  • CDI 2.0: Whats in the Works? (monday 12:30, Cyril Magnin I): to learn about coming features in CDI 2.0

  • Apache DeltaSpike, the CDI Toolbox (monday 2:30, Cyril Magnin I): Discover Apache DeltaSpike, the heart of CDI Ecosystem

  • Advanced CDI in live coding (tuesday 8:30, Cyril Magnin II/II): learn the power of CDI portable extension to integrate your framework in CDI programming model

I’ll be available for you questions

You’ll find me at the Hackergarten Tuesday afternoon and wednesday morning to help you on CDI, answer your question or discuss the spec. You can even pass by just to say Hello aor bring me a beer, coffee ;).

Have a nice Java One Week.

Learn CDI spec with our TCK

Posted by Antoine Sabot-Durand on Oct 15, 2015 | Comments

Beyond being one of the few open source TCK around, CDI TCK is one of the easiest to get started with.

Now that we have released a new version of spec doc embedding TCK test, it’s easier than ever.

Learn what we did and how to use it.

CDI TCK for the dummies

TCK stands for Technology Compatibility Kit. It’s one of the 3 part a JSR expert group has to release (2 others being the spec and the Reference Implementation).

A TCK is a collection of tests that actively define the spec. It’s the tool that is used to determine if an implementation is a CDI implementation or not. So this piece of code is the most important and the hardest to develop and maintain. Ok, RI could seem more important, but it’s under the spotlight and is nothing without the TCK.

To make short, TCK is the code that makes CDI a specification and thus a standard.

The great guy behind our TCK is Tomas Remes and he doing an awesome job pointing holes or unclear statements in spec text or refactoring all the TCK after CDI split in 2.0-EDR1.

If you want to learn more about the TCK I suggest that you check our dedicated page.

TCK is more than what it seems

The TCK role is not restricted to the specification mold, it can also be a great way to learn the spec by code. To crown that, thanks to Arquillian, CDI TCK is very easy to understand and very expressive.

But jumping from specification to test can be a bit complicated and this exercise can discourage many of our user.

That’s why, a few months ago, we started to think about a solution to create links from the spec text to the TCK.

It seemed quite doable since the reverse link has always existed: each since TCK tests have meta data about the spec section it refers.

So, Tomas made the required upgrade to the TCK and developed a script to add tests to the spec.

Meet Spec doc with TCK assertion

Don’t worry the original specifications docs stay unchanged, we only released a new flavor for them on our download page.

Due to normalization constraint (rules duplication avoidance) we have on the spec, some statement could seem confusing when reading them.

Let’s take, for instance, the first statement of section 3.15 Unproxyable bean types:

The container uses proxies to provide certain functionality. Certain legal bean types cannot be proxied by the container:

  • classes which don’t have a non-private constructor with no parameters,

Yeah a triple negation…​

You could take the next minute to figure out the exact meaning of the sentence or you could click on the "Show TCK assertions" link and check the two tests related to this section to see the cases where this rules make the deployment fails.

Learn, test and challenge

Now that you have this nice tool in your hand, TCK will be your CDI Lab, and perhaps, you’ll come back with corner use cases not covered or new challenges for the TCK.

Go and learn!

CDI 2.0 Second Face to face meeting feedback

Posted by Antoine Sabot-Durand on Sep 29, 2015 | Comments

Last week we had our second CDI 2.0 Face to Face meeting in Paris (France). This is a summary of the point discussed and leads we’d like to follow. Of course each point we’ll lead to a proposal later and discussed on the mailing list.


CDI 2.0 is still planned for 1st half 2016. We’ll focus on new feature and SE support for this release.

CDI 2.1 should start after 2.0 release and focus Java EE 8 specific enhancement. We’ll probably focus a bit more on modularity since Java 9 will be around the corner giving us a better visibility of how anticipate its new module approach. Content of 2.1 will be defined in the coming weeks

CDI SE review

CDI bootstrap on Java SE is one of the feature released in our first early draft. The Java SE support needed extra work to be complete and we wanted to review the boot api included to see how it could be enhanced.

bootstrap API

We’d like to review the proposed bootstrap API to make it a bit richer and have the boot process in a specific class. The idea is to get inspiration from the new Weld Se bootstrap with a builder pattern (see Weld and WeldContainer classes) and the possibility to explicitly choose the implementation if multiple impl should be in classpath.

Context control

This feature seemed a bit risky to specify. We’d preferred an approach based on existing built-in scope: RequestScoped and an interceptor activating it for a given invocation and unactivating it just after . something like this:

public void doSomethigWithRequestScopedBeans() {

This could give users the possibility to start and stop a context without explicitly adding these methods in the SPI We also discussed the possibility to have a Conversation-like context activated thru a built-in scope.

Bean discovery mode

The new bootstrap api should prevent us to specify a new bean discovery mode since the builder api will contains a mean to deactivate bean discovery and create a synthetic bean archive by adding class and packages of beans.

Async event review

There was discussion about exceptions handling and the issues raised from mixing sync and async observers. So the leads we’d like to follow are the following

  • stop calling sync observer from fireAsync() (fire() is for @Observes and fireAsync() is for @ObservesAsync)

  • Remove FireAsyncException in favor of CompletionException since an exception during async events pipeline execution is noting more than that.

To sum it up:

Table 1. async and sync events rules
Event method @Observes notified @ObservesAsync notified


yes, in the same thread




yes, in a different thread

CDI Lite

As you know, CDI lite is one of the expected features for CDI 2.0. Yet, adding it with the SE / EE split for 2.0 could bring a lot of glitches and could reveal itself a catastrophe without speaking of specific impl and TCK for it.

That’s why we choose to add it in the annexe of the spec as a proposal for a next CDI version. Implementation will be allowed to create their CDI lite version based on this subset of CDI features:

  • JSR 330 with CDI type resolution rules

  • CDI qualifiers usage

  • Producers and disposers

  • Programmatic lookup

  • @Singleton and @Dependent pseudo-scopes support

  • SE bootstrap

We choose not to include events and spi to keep the impl lite. Of course this could be change during our discussion.

AOP on producer and custom beans

The goal was to propose a solution to apply Interceptors and Decorators on produced beans or custom beans. For producers we also have the problem of applying interceptor binding only on some method and not on the whole class. We looked for a solution that could be used in both case and that was more an "advanced users" approach than an out of box one.

The idea is to provide a class or a built-in bean to help produced bean instances using AnnotatedType to allow override of annotation on instance class. This suppose the addition of AnnotatedTypeBuilder to the SPI to ease the use of building a synthetic AnnotatedType. This would follow the same idea than the Unmanaged class which provide a way to inject bean in a non bean (non managed) class.

That would give something like:

public class MyAdvancedProducerBean {

    public BeanInstanceBuilder<MyClass> bib = new BeanInstanceBuilder<>();

    public MyClass produceTransactionalMyClass() {

        AnnotatedTypeBuilder<MyClass> atb = new AnnotatedTypeBuilder<>()
            , new TransactionalLiteral());

        return bib.readFromType(
            .build(); //instance of the bean with requested interceptors / decorators

    public void disposeMyClass (@Disposes Myclass td) {



A similar mechanism could be used in the create() method of custom beans.


Of course, all these points will be described in more detail in coming proposal documents. You’ll only find here general ideas of what we like to propose.

We also worked on other points in Jira for clarification or fix. This will go to the mailing list.

This post will be updated with new information or clarification if needed.

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